Most woodwork projects require shaping the pieces of wood before assembling them to get your desired result. For example, you may need to flatten warped lumber you intend to use for boards or round pieces of wood with sharp corners.
Different wood planers are available with varying strengths and specific uses. These wood planers broadly fall under two categories: manual and electric planers.
Identifying these wood planers will help you choose the right one for your woodwork projects.
Manual planers comprise more old-fashioned wood planers and require working with your hands. Manual planers help you work gradually to get your desired wood shape, which is a huge advantage for beginners. They ensure precision, making the end product smooth with a nice finishing.
The common types of manual wood planers include:
You can adjust the depth of a hand planer’s cut and use both hands to work on the wood while having strong, controlled planning. Hand planers are one of the earliest planer types, and their design has remained unchanged.
As the name implies, the two-handed planers have two handles, one on each side for more controlled planning, but the design is similar to the traditional hand planer. This planer is best for shaping corners with quick and precise motions. The blade is also adjustable to allow deeper cuts.
Combination Rasp Planer
This planer functions more like a cheese grater, and it can serve a wider range of purposes than the hand planer. It can also shape other materials besides wood, such as soft aluminum and fiberglass.
Flat Plane Bottom-Edge Wood Hand Planer
This planer can shave off crating material within a short time and allow you to see your work’s progress. It is the cheapest type of wood planer but requires one hand to use.
Unlike the traditional scrapers that involve a pushing action, the scraper requires pulling action. Although the hand scraper isn’t a classic planer, it helps to even rough spots, giving your piece of wood a smooth finish.
The electric planers solve one major issue with hand planers. They allow the user to work faster, reducing the chances of making mistakes. Most electric planers are adjustable, so you can set them to get the right cutting depth.
This planer has a spinning blade that performs the work of a static blade in the manual planer and has a contoured handle, giving the user more control. The blades of handheld electric planers are fast, even when set to a shallow grind.
The bench planer is too big to hold but portable enough to fit on a workbench. Although it can work on small pieces of wood, it is unsuitable for small, detailed work.
The molding planer is primarily designed for molding surfaces but can also work on small pieces of lumber. It is better suited for professional woodworkers.
The stationary planer is essential for big projects. This planer is expensive and used mainly by professionals with several projects.